How to build a house in 6 steps


How to build a house in 6 steps, Have you ever wondered how your home was built? In this article, I'm going to explain how a story is constructed in ten steps. These steps do not include all the details that go into a House, but will give you a general understanding of how your home is built.

1. Excavation work

The first thing you do, is the excavation. This requirement means that the lot is free of debris and dig a hole in the ground for the basement of the House. To excavate the pit right size workers use a floor plan that is included with home projects. Once you set the size and shape of the House, a back-hoe digs a hole big enough to pour concrete foundations and Foundation.

2. Concrete foundations

The footings are the main support for the House and help distribute the weight of the House into the ground. The size of a plan may vary depending on soil conditions and the size of the House. Foundations are generally made of poured concrete. Wood is used to create a mold so that the desired size of the foot can be done. Lumber on his side is normally prepared according to a basic plan that comes with home projects. Once the mold is ready, the concrete is poured into it, and then level off off on top. Making the top smooth, gives a solid foundation for the area to be paid.

3. Concrete Foundation

The foundation walls are those that provide alternative support for the House. They are also made of poured concrete that is created using formwork. Housing are sections that are normally made from metal and wood that can be put in place to create the desired shape of the concrete. A Foundation is concrete walls can be seen in an unfinished basement. Once the foundation walls are poured and dried, fill the extra space outside the walls with filling. The floor system is now ready to be built.

4. system plan

A floor system is made of wood, unlike the concrete foundations and concrete foundation. The wood used is usually a 2 x 12 or 2 x 10. The wood is placed on its side and run through foundation walls parallel to each other. These are called floor joists. They are spaced some distance from each other to provide even support plan. To keep them in place are nailed to a header that is wood the same size but put perpendicular to the outer edges. If the basement is too large then the posts and beams are put in to help support the floor.

5. Floor sheathing

The floor system provides good support, but the only problem is that all the holes between the lumber. This is where the floor sheathing comes into play is made of sheets of wood that are drilled in the floor joist to keep it secure. Are installed perpendicular to joists so you can support more weight. When the House is complete, the homeowners choice flooring will be installed above the floor sheathing. Now workers are ready for installation.

6. Walls

When we talk about position of walls in a House there are two types, external walls and internal walls. The outer walls run along the exterior of the House and are thicker to withstand the wind and allow insulation to be installed. The inner walls are inside and have no need to be as often. When it comes to the structural strength of walls again two types. Load-bearing walls and non-bearing walls. Bearing walls are reinforced because they have to hold anything over the wall if it is a roof or another plane (in this case it is a roof). Non load-bearing wall do not provide any structural support for the home, because they are typically only used for the separate walls.

When installing the walls, you look at the housing projects and the layout in which the walls are to be placed. To build the walls that before building them on the ground. Their wood which is spaced (these are called studs wall) and then drilled in a top and bottom plate. The top and bottom plate can be compared with the headers on a floor system. Both help maintain the timber on site and provide strength to the wall. Once they are built, the workers then lift the walls into position and practiced in the floor system. The wall cavity then be stuffed with insulation and covered with a vapor barrier to keep out moisture. However, the insulation cannot be installed up to the wall finish is applied.

Preparation of building a house


Preparation of building a house, Everyone should aspire and desire to have their own house may be by buying through developer or build your own.

Maybe if you are planning to buy house so through your developer does not have too much trouble with the process as people who want to build their own house, you just come to the location of housing you want, come to the marketing, selecting cluster you want and you're done.

In contrast to the process if you want to build their own house either use the services of architect / contractor and to be themselves.

Well here are a few things needed to build a house to keep things running smoothly, besides of course you have to provide the funds.

1. Choosing the location of the land,

Choosing the location where the house we will build is a job that demands a precision, not only the technical aspects, as well as some other aspects that determines, as the economic aspect, the achievement is also another aspect that could be the basis of selection of the location land where we will build the house later .

Economic Aspects: Maybe the economy is more emphasizes on the value of land in terms of the investment, whether the value of the land and the environment are in line with the price of the building to be in the plan, such as the location of the land is in an area that is less strategic (in the alley, dense residential areas, in suburban areas with difficult access, etc.) will be in Build Homes with a value above $ 500 million, when viewed in the economy, the value of buildings and land values ​​are not in accordance with the principles of economy, certainly if the house will be on sale price will also fall, while construction prices are high, it is because the environmental conditions are not favorable. Therefore it is advisable to choose the location of the land in accordance with the development plan, or if we already have the land to be in a less favorable economically, the development plan must also be adapted to the existing value of the land.

Aspects of Achievement: The reason the choice of location can also be seen from the aspect of this achievement, we usually measure aspects of this achievement with our routine daily activities, such as work, school children, and the achievement of other facilities such as entertainment and commerce. The closer the location where we want to build a house with which we work, children's schools, entertainment and commerce, then the location will be more positive values ​​of the aspect of this achievement, and this will also affect the economic aspects of the course.

2. Finding information on the price of building, architectural models or trend

Once we have the right place where we will build a house, then the next step is to gather information as possible about the house building plans, gather information regarding the price of the current building, look around the building material products, such as a walk in the super market building materials, where we can see the shape and price of building materials. What is important to gather as much information about the house is, see trends emerging architecture today, for example by looking at housing fairs, reading a magazine or tabloid housing, you can also find information via the INTERNET about housing and other way to collect information about house construction.
3. Looking for Architect to help make home design

If we are sick, we seek a doctor to cure us, so we have a damaged car and then we are looking for a mechanic to fix our car. And what we need if we want to build a house? of course we were looking for an architect. Sometimes a lot of people think that what we have to pay an architect, but we want to build a small house, sometimes this kind of thinking often comes to mind a lot of people about how the need for an architect to design house that would make us wake up, which often is " certainly expensive to use the services of an architect to build a house ". These thoughts should we lose, sometimes it gives the architect the solutions we build house plans, architects usually find a good solution in terms of design and also buget plan provided for the construction of the house to match the ability we have. An architect would likely give a clear-elasnya on design and costs to be incurred later, even with the services of our architect work as much as possible to avoid work that would cause waste, disassembly result of planning that less mature earlier, which when compared the services to be paid for an architect even more, not to mention the results of a design that maybe we are not satisfied.

By using the services of an architect, then we can see the final result of the design with the help of sketches the design or because of advances in technology today, we can also see the final result of the design exactly like the original with the help of computer animation.
4. Administering licensing

Once we have a picture of the house building plans, the next stage is the stage where we begin to take care of permits on the house building plans, by taking care of Building Permit (IMB) in government agencies of the village, district to the mayor. The land area is also determining the degree to which we take care of the IMB, to land less than 200 M2 generally IMB fairly administered to district, but if we land area of ​​over 200 m2 arrangements can be up to the mayor.

The following are the requirements that need to take care of IMB (building of Permit):

Copy of ID card applicants
The power of attorney if the signature is not done by the applicant himself
Copy of Proof of ownership of Land Rights passed by the competent authority
Copy of Building Plans Pictures with explanation
Photocopy of the UN settlement (land and building tax) last
Fill out the form that has been provided in the district or the mayor
Permission neighbors for multistory buildings.
5. Process Development Agreement

Process Development Agreement is a process by which we enter a phase where house construction plan will begin, whether done alone or at work by the architect or contractor. Process Development Agreement is obligatory in order to avoid the problems that arise during the building running. If in doing their own, we have a minimum of implementing foreman or worker who will work on the physical building our house, here we have to define the rules and conditions that must be fulfilled, eg hours of work, overtime pay, payment etc..

In contrast, if we use the services of contractors, where all the problems with the craftsman may we never know, what we know is the value of a contract between the assignor and our contractors who carry out the development and implementation schedule. In the process of this Development Agreement should be mentioned article - article clear and detail both in terms of materials to be used, the quality is also a mixture - a mixture of materials etc.. The articles are generally included in the agreement are:

Article 1. Tasks and Working Time
Article 2. Terms and Quality Ingredients
Article 3. Price Contract
Article 4. Payment
Article 5. Addition Works
Article 6. Other
Cover
6. Development Control

Development Control if in doing himself

Supervision of construction on a project in itself would do differently with the project that was done by the contractor. If you do it yourself project in general supervisory oversight hardest workers, if taking a daily payment system, if not properly supervised the project might be delayed from the schedule already determined. If using bulk power system, it is likely because the builders do not pay attention to the quality of the development work to reach targets. Therefore, it is to note that the system will be taken daily or contract personnel, our ability to adjust to the transferor, to what extent we can control the course of the project, if we can give more time, daily payment system can be taken, but if we as task have limited time the entire stock system can also be an alternative power as long as the agreement is made on the quality of the work when it is not able to at unloading at no charge.

Risks above is the most common when the work was done alone with the help of builders directly without using the services of a contractor, as well as risks - risks such as the outcome is not appropriate due to lack of supervision, etc..